Ландшафтное освещение приусадебного участка

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освещение участка

Важнейшей составляющей ландшафтного дизайна является искусственное освещение. Ландшафтное освещение, разработанное со вкусом, чувством стиля и духом каждой отдельной территории, способно придать ночному участку свои особые стиль и шарм, которых невозможно добиться днём.

Точечные акценты на отдельных элементах, мягкое освещение зон отдыха, почти невидимая подсветка дорожек и яркий свет рабочих зон — всё это при профессиональной разработке дизайна и качественном монтаже способно, не мешая друг другу, до неузнаваемости изменить ночной облик приусадебной территории. Они способны превращать ночь в то время суток, когда хочется гулять по саду и наслаждаться природой.

ландшафтное освещение

Освещение как в доме, так и на приусадебном участке уже давно перестало играть исключительно функциональную роль и ограничиваться просто наличием нескольких лампочек.

Сегодня системы освещения представляют собой комплексные решения, сочетающие в себе как функциональные, так и исключительно дизайнерские элементы. Наряду с дизайнерскими решениями, освещение способно не только визуально, но и физически расширить жизненное пространство, а также повысить безопасность проживающих и имущества.

Виды наружного освещения

Основные типы наружного освещения, применяемого на приусадебных участках:

  1. Архитектурное освещение – подчеркнёт архитектуру вашего дома в тёмное время суток.
    2. Рабочее освещение – предназначено для освещения барбекю, беседки, спортивных площадок и других мест отдыха.
    3. Функциональное освещение – «отвечает» за безопасное перемещение по участку: освещение дорожек, ступеней, въездной зоны.
    4. Ландшафтное освещение – используется для создания визуальной привлекательности вашего ландшафта.
    5. Охранное освещение – осуществляет освещение границ территории участка, создаёт иллюзию присутствия домовладельцев.

В искусстве наружного освещения важна гармония не только света, но и тени. То есть важно осветить не всё подряд, а надо сделать правильные акценты там, где это нужно. Это означает, что можно показать, подчеркнуть некую рельефность здания, кроны дерева, очертить мягким светом контуры дорожек.

Ещё один очень интересный материал для игры света – это вода. Ваш водоём заиграет и очарует своей неповторимой игрой света, если дизайнер профессионально и художественно подберёт нужную систему освещения, нужный тип светильника.

Ландшафтное освещение: осветительные приборы

Для ландшафтного освещения применяется несколько видов светильников:
– классические;
– сферические;
– болларды;
– светильники с использованием отражённого света;
– светильники эффектные.
Существуют и другие виды приборов освещения, но они реже используются в садовых владениях.

Классические светильники имеют традиционную форму, такую, которая используется для освещения городских парков.

Сферические светильники ближе всего к природной форме. Они равномерно распределяют мягкий свет по всей сфере.

Болларды – это светильники-столбики, произведённые чаще всего в стиле хай-тек из различных материалов. Их ставят на лестницах, вдоль дорожек, для того чтобы внести вертикальный штрих в композицию сада.

Светильники с отражённым светом имеют специальные прорези в плафонах. Свет получается отражённый – за счёт этого нет слепящего эффекта. Такие светильники используются на парковочных площадках, дорожках.

Эффектные светильники создают рисунки, формы, различные визуальные эффекты с помощью света. Обычно ими подсвечивают фонтаны, высвечивают архитектурные элементы здания, подчёркивают рельеф.

Световые эффекты

Создавать отдельные акценты, особые эффекты также можно с помощью лазера и оптоволоконных кабелей со специальными насадками. Из них можно создать узор, надписи, рисунки, которые абсолютно преобразят территорию в тёмное время суток.

Широкий выбор осветительного оборудования, особенно энергосберегающих и компактных моделей, сделал ландшафтное и архитектурное освещение общедоступным. И способен улучшить или полностью преобразить восприятие вашего участка.

Для ландшафтного освещения, как правило, применяются светильники с регулируемой оптикой. Это позволяет ориентировать световой поток в зависимости от задачи в каждом конкретном месте.

Развитие светодиодных технологий и удешевление продукции позволило создавать миниатюрные светильники практически любой яркости, направленности и цвета.

Применение электронных систем управления — контроллеров — позволило создавать световые ансамбли динамического света, изменяющегося в зависимости от желания владельца, времени суток, общей освещённости, движения по территории и т. д.

Выводы

Сегодня несложно найти компанию, специалисты которой – ландшафтные дизайнеры, осветители, электрики – оказывают полный набор услуг (вплоть до «под ключ») по проектированию, разработке, монтажу и настройке систем ландшафтного освещения от простейших до самых сложных динамических светотеневых систем на участках любой площади и предназначения.

Ландшафт при правильном освещении преобразится до неузнаваемости, он наполнится светом. С помощью осветительных приборов можно подсветить дорожку, ступеньки, входную группу.

Очень эффектно смотрится подсвеченный бассейн или водоем, а в вечернее время приятно наслаждаться окружающей природой с освещенной беседки или крытой веранды. Проект освещения нужно тщательно подготовить, чтобы все было учтено и ничего потом не огорчало.

Всем желаю добра. С удовольствием отвечу на вопросы и комментарии.

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