Что делать с опавшими листьями в саду?

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Что делать с опавшими листьями

Опавшие листья в саду-причина жарких дебатов огородников и садоводов. Одни считают, что нужно до листочка собирать и уничтожать, а другие – что их можно и  даже нужно оставить. А как на самом деле? Уютно ли нашим растениям под таким разноцветным одеялом? Что делать с опавшими листьями в саду?

Большинство садоводов убеждены, что оставлять на участке опавшие листья вредно, так как это убежище для различных вредоносных насекомых, источник распространения болезней, приют для мелких грызунов. Оставленные преть на газоне листья способствуют образованию на нем проплешин. А попавшие в пруд листья превращаются в гниющую грязь.

К тому же, многие убеждены, что сад, усыпанный листьями, выглядит неопрятным и запущенным. Я категорически с этим не согласна, осень сама по себе очень красива, а листья, усыпав землю, только придают особую прелесть осеннему пейзажу. Но у садоводов нет времени любоваться на эту красоту, необходимо выполнить в срок все подготовительные работы к зиме.

Опавшие листья в саду: убирать или оставить?

Садоводы, выступающие против опада, призывают сжигать его или, как крайний случай, собирать в мешки и вывозить подальше от сада. Есть и противоположное мнение, которое подкреплено многолетними наблюдениями и исследованиями специалистов – листья часть экосистемы и убирать ничего не нужно. Думаю что не стоит впадать в крайности: не убирать листву совсем или ликвидировать все, а подойдем к этому вопросу рационально.

опавшие листья

Газоны и садовые водоемы необходимо очищать от опада. С дорожек так же стоит смести листву, иначе есть риск поскользнуться на них в дождливую погоду. В этих случаях уборка листвы оправдана. Однако убирать её полностью и вывозить за пределы участка точно не стоит.

В природе никогда и никто опад не собирает. Опавшая листва служит не только для обогащения почвы питательными веществами при перепревании, но и защищает растения от капризов неустойчивой осенней погоды, сохраняя корни деревьев, кустарников и многолетников под своим разноцветным одеялом. Причём этот приют не только для растений, но и для полезных насекомых, которые весь сезон боролись с вредителями.

Мульча из опавших листьев в саду

Опавшая листва – отличный мульчирующий материал. Она действует, так же как и любая другая органика. Под ней влага из почвы меньше испаряется, а земля остаётся рыхлой, проницаемой. Разве это плохо?

Утепление опавшими листьями в саду –  это отличный способ помочь кустарникам и многолетникам перенести суровую непогоду. На собственном опыте убедилась, что укрыв корневую системы опадом,  можно не беспокоиться за свои растения. Опавшие листья, словно шуба укроет растение от зимней стужи.

Нельзя  собирать для укрытия растений опавшие листья в городе и вдоль дорог. Деревья –  это защитники от пыли и атмосферных выбросов. Всю гадость они накапливают именно на листьях и при разложении все это попадает обратно в почву. А если такие листья окажутся в Вашем саду, то и ваших овощах и фруктах.

Весенние луковичные цветы лучше не прикрывать на зиму листвой. Этим нежным растениям очень сложно пробиться из – под плотной корки слежавшийся листвы.

Опавшие листья в саду

Пусть садоводы ворчат, что прошлогодняя листва по весне выглядит отвратительно. Но она же быстро перегнивает, и уже к маю от неё ничего не останется. При желании, оставленные вокруг деревьев листья весной можно заделать в почву во время перекопки приствольных кругов.

Если вам уже совсем не по душе прошлогодняя листва, ну заделайте ее осенью при перекопке грядок, освободившихся от овощей и однолетников. Тем самым вы сможете улучшить структуру почвы и обогатить ее органикой. Если вам непременно хочется избавиться от опавшей листвы, не вывозите её хотя бы из сада. Это же расточительство – увозить природные богатства из сада.

Компост из опавших листьев

Какой ценный компост получается из листьев! Раньше его повсеместно использовали в цветочных и овощных хозяйствах. Теперь же листовой компост на вес золота.

Использовать его можно в чистом виде: для выращивания рассады цветов и овощей, полезно его посыпать на грядки с овощами. А как на перепревший листьях растут хризантемы!

Чтобы приготовить компот из листьев, нужно сложить опад в компостную яму не толстым пластом, толщиной не более 30 см. В противном случае листва превратится в корку, куда плохо попадает кислород. Лучше, если слои будут перемежаться с другой органикой: растительными кухонными отходами, скошенной травой, навозом.

Причём, чем больше слоев у вас будет, тем более питательным получится компост. Сами листья не слишком богаты азотом, но они обеспечивают отличную структуру компосту. Благодаря опаду, субстрат получается рыхлым, рассыпчатым, хорошо проницаемым. Да и приготовить самому такой компост можно очень быстро: осенью заложили, а в середине следующего лета уже можно использовать. Чтобы компост быстрее приготовился, ранней весной и в начале лета можно перемешивать перегнивающие остатки и добавить любой ускоритель компостирования.

Подводим итоги

В моем саду вся опавшая листва идет в дело. Налюбовавшись вдоволь на такую красоту, я с азартом берусь за дело. Делаю компост, укрываю декоративные кустарники, использую в перекопке.

Но имейте в виду то обстоятельство, что не всегда опавшие листья в саду полезно оставлять. Нельзя использовать листву, зараженную мучнистой росой, ржавчиной, пятнистостью. Ее нужно непременно сжигать или вывозить далеко за пределы участка, а не выбрасывать за забор.

Всем желаю добра, здоровья и хорошего настроения. Буду рада вопросам, предложениям и дополнениям. Поделитесь в комментариях как вы используете опавшие листья в саду.

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